Bunreacht IMBAS (IMBAS Constitution)


Currently IMBAS is undergoing major structural changes, and the constitution is being revised as a result. We will make the new constitution available as soon as possible, but in the meantime, we have maintained the original here for historical interest.


Original IMBAS Constitution (now defunct)

ARTICLE I
Name and Emblem

Section 1. The name of this Corporation shall be IMBAS.

Section 2. Its emblem shall be a Triskele.

ARTICLE II
Mission Statement

Section 1. IMBAS is an organization that promotes the religion of Celtic Reconstructionist Paganism, and traditional Celtic culture and heritage. The Celts are recognized as the tribal Celts of Iron Age Europe and the modern peoples of Alba (Scotland), Breizh (Brittany), Cymru (Wales), Éire (Ireland), Kernow (Cornwall), and Mannin (Isle of Man). Celtic Reconstructionist Paganism is a votive religion that is grounded in folk tradition, mythological texts, and the archaeological & historical records. It is based around the home, the family, and the community/tribe in honoring the land, the ancestors, and the traditional Celtic Gods and Goddesses. We do not practice our spirituality, we live it.

Section 2. IMBAS promotes Celtic Reconstructionism primarily by:

a. publishing a quarterly journal, along with other publishing activities,

b. chartering local IMBAS groups and encouraging networking within the Celtic Reconstructionist community,

c. providing a training program for prospective Seanchái (traditional lore keepers),

d. providing accurate information to the public about Celtic culture and Celtic Reconstructionist Paganism, and

d. through the living heritage of Celtic folk arts, crafts, traditions, and languages.

ARTICLE III
Offices

Section 1. The principal office of the Corporation shall be located in the municipality in which the Uachtarán resides. The Corporation may have other offices as Comhairle IMBAS may designate or the business of the Corporation may require from time to time.

ARTICLE IV
Calendar

Section 1. The Holy Days, as referenced in this Bunreacht and all legal documents of IMBAS, are as follows: Oíche Shamhna, Lá Fhéile Bríde, Lá Bealtaine, and Lá Fhéile Lúnasa.

Section 2. For legal purposes, each Holy Day shall commence at sunset in the State of Washington, USA, on the days preceding the following dates: Oíche Shamhna = November 1st, Lá Fhéile Bríde = February 1st, Lá Bealtaine = May 1st, and Lá Fhéile Lúnasa = August 1st.

Section 3. For ceremonial purposes, however, each Holy Day may be celebrated upon either the legal date, the astronomical date, or upon a date mutually convenient to the participants of the particular celebrations involved.

Section 4. Since the Celtic year traditionally runs from one Oíche Shamhna to the next, the legal, fiscal, and ceremonial years of the Corporation shall run according to the legal date for Oíche Shamhna described previously in this article.

ARTICLE V
Membership

Section 1. Any person who has reached the age of 18 and accepts the Bunreacht, principles, and policies of IMBAS is eligible for membership. Children under the age of l8 must have the signed and notarized permission of at least one parent or legal guardian in order to become a member of IMBAS, unless Comhairle IMBAS (IMBAS Council) shall rule otherwise.

Section 2. Membership in IMBAS and participation in our activities is open to all regardless of age, race, ethnic origin, gender, gender orientation, sexual orientation, or disability, and we do not permit discrimination on these grounds in the activities of IMBAS or any of its affiliated groups.

Section 3. "Individual" members of IMBAS are those individuals paying an annual amount of dues to be determined by Comhairle IMBAS, and who are entitled to receive all IMBAS publications meant for the general membership.

Section 4. "Family" members are those Families/Household annually paying an annual amount of dues to be determined by Comhairle IMBAS, and who are entitled to receive all IMBAS publications meant for the general membership. Individual family members shall not receive separate mailings of most IMBAS publications. Each adult member of a Family shall have a single vote in all IMBAS elections.

Section 5. "Associate" members of IMBAS are those individuals who wish to support our mission for cultural or educational reasons but have no interest in practicing Celtic Reconstructionist Paganism. Associate members shall pay an annual amount of dues to be determined by Comhairle IMBAS and receive the IMBAS Journal, but shall have no voting rights. Associate members are eligible to participate in such IMBAS cultural or educational programs as Comhairle IMBAS shall determine.

Section 6. Comhairle IMBAS may institute other categories of membership, including combinations of categories, and shall define their characteristics as needed.

ARTICLE VI
Management

Section 1. The affairs of IMBAS shall be conducted by Comhairle IMBAS, the National Office, the Officers, Tuatha, Cuallachtaí, the Dáil, and the membership.

Section 2. At all elections and in all voting, unless otherwise provided, a majority (more than half) of the votes cast shall be required to decide.

ARTICLE VII
Comhairle IMBAS

Section 1. The Board of Directors of the Corporation shall be known as "Comhairle IMBAS". The Directors shall be known as "Comhairleoirí".

Section 2. Comhairle IMBAS shall consist of nine members: seven Comhairleoirí serving terms of three years each, plus the Uachtarán and the Leas-Uachtarán.

Section 3. Comhairle IMBAS shall: have primary authority over the administration of IMBAS; be the chief policy making body; and appoint Non-Elective Officers as necessary.

Section 4. Comhairle IMBAS shall hold regular meetings at least once a month, at such times and places as they shall appoint. Special meetings may be called by the Uachtarán by giving one day's notice to each Comhairleoir.

Section 5. Regular or special meetings of Comhairle IMBAS or any committee may be held in person, via electronic communications devices, or through the mails. These may include: telephone conference calls, a telephone or postal polling of Comhairleoirí by the Uachtarán or another Officer at the Uachtarán's request, the use of electronic mail, or Internet Relay Chat.

Section 6. A two-thirds majority of Comhairle IMBAS shall constitute a quorum. Each Comhairleoir, as such, shall have one vote. Except as otherwise stated in this Bunreacht, a simple majority shall carry all motions.

Section 7. Comhairle IMBAS may, if necessary, overrule the decisions, policies, and practices of all other groups within IMBAS, including Cuallachtaí, councils, special interest groups, committees, Tuatha, and any sub-groups thereof, if those decisions, policies, and practices are not consistent with the mission of IMBAS. Comhairle IMBAS shall not have authority to legislate theology or prescribe orthodoxy for individuals, nor shall adherence to any doctrine be made a requirement for membership in IMBAS, but Comhairle IMBAS shall have the authority to take such other lawful actions as are necessary to preserve the future of IMBAS.

Section 8. Matters raised in, or submitted to, Comhairle IMBAS shall be determined by a majority vote by those members who are present or submit their votes by mail or electronically in a timely manner. All votes not so cast shall be counted as abstentions, cast by the Comhairleoir in question. Comhairle IMBAS may certify a question for a vote of the membership of IMBAS, to take place in such a manner as Comhairle IMBAS shall determine. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Article, any Comhairleoir may, by executing a written and dated authorization, grant a proxy to any other Comhairleoir to cast the vote of the first Comhairleoir with respect to any specified issue or issues, or generally on all issues. Such proxies may specify a particular meeting at which the proxy is to be effective, or a duration of effectiveness not to exceed 60 days. If no duration is specified, a proxy shall remain in effect for 60 days. Any proxy executed pursuant hereto may be revoked at any time by the Comhairleoir who executed said proxy, by giving actual notice of such revocation both to the Uachtarán and to the person authorized to vote the proxy.

Section 9. Minutes of every meeting of Comhairle IMBAS shall be taken by the Rúnaí. Abbreviated versions shall be edited by hir to eliminate meandering and/or possible violations of members' privacy, and published in an IMBAS newsletter. Any member of IMBAS may see the unabbreviated versions of the minutes by consulting the archives or by paying for any copying and mailing expenses.

Section 10. On those occasions when Comhairle IMBAS is meeting with a majority of the Comhairleoirí physically present in one location, such meetings shall be open to attendance by any members who may happen to be in the vicinity, unless matters of extreme delicacy or personal privacy may be involved. When Comhairle IMBAS meetings are being held via Internet Relay Chat, members with IRC access may attend, unless matters of extreme delicacy or personal privacy may be involved.

Section 11. Any IMBAS member may, through the Cosantóir, request a position on the agenda of Comhairle IMBAS meeting, for the discussion of matters of concern to hir. If xe is an electronic guest or a physical visitor to Comhairle IMBAS meeting, said member may then address the Comhairleoirí on the issues involved.

Section 12. The Comhairleoirí are authorized at their discretion to appoint from their number an executive committee of three persons, one of whom shall be the Uachtarán, who shall be vested with the powers of Comhairle IMBAS when the same is not in session.

Section 13. Comhairleoirí shall receive no compensation, except for reasonable expenses related to their duties.

Section 14. All Comhairleoirí shall exercise equal powers and responsibilities, save as otherwise noted in this Bunreacht.

ARTICLE VIII
Officers

Section 1. The Officers of this Corporation shall consist of: Uachtarán, Leas-Uachtarán, Rúnaí, Cisteoir, and other such Officers and agents as may be necessary. All candidates for office must be members of IMBAS in good standing. The Uachtarán and Leas-Uachtarán shall be elected by a direct vote of the membership. All other Officers shall be appointed by Comhairle IMBAS. All Officers shall serve terms of three years.

Section 2. The Uachtarán (President) shall: act as the executive director of IMBAS, overseeing the general administration of IMBAS and operating the National Office; ensure that IMBAS abides by its Bunreacht and established policies; serve as Cathaoirleach (Chairperson) of, and convene, Comhairle IMBAS; preside over all meetings of Comhairle IMBAS and the Dáil; report to the membership; represent IMBAS to other organizations, the media, and the public at large; report periodically to Comhairle IMBAS; serve as ex officio member of all Committees; receive reports from all Officers and Committees; and may perform all those other duties that would otherwise be performed by a corporate President.

Section 3. The Leas-Uachtarán (Vice-President) shall: exercise the functions of the Uachtarán in hir absence; replace the Uachtarán in the event of hir recall, death, retirement, or permanent incapacitation; serve as Leas-Cathaoirleach (Vice-Chairperson) of Comhairle IMBAS; assist the Uachtarán as appropriate; represent IMBAS at the request of the Uachtarán; and may perform all those other duties that would otherwise be performed by a corporate Vice-President.

Section 4. The Rúnaí (Secretary) shall: keep a record of all votes and minutes of the proceedings of all meetings of Comhairle IMBAS and members; give notice as required in this Bunreacht of all meetings; send proxy statements and/or mail ballots to all voting members as described in this Bunreacht; generally oversee the keeping of records of meetings, policies, activities, membership, and any other records required by law; assist the Uachtarán as appropriate; represent IMBAS at the request of the Uachtarán; and may perform all those other duties that would otherwise be performed by a corporate Secretary.

Section 5. The Cisteoir (Treasurer) shall: oversee, with the Uachtarán, the fiscal affairs of IMBAS; present to Comhairle IMBAS an annual budget for IMBAS, developed in concert with the Uachtarán; monitor budgetary performance of the organization, recommending modifications as needed; review for approval all actions and policies with major financial implications; assist the Uachtarán as appropriate; keep financial records for IMBAS according to generally accepted accounting principles for nonprofit corporations; generate quarterly financial reports for Comhairle IMBAS; and may perform all those other duties that would otherwise be performed by a corporate Treasurer. Candidates for the office of Cisteoir shall have bookkeeping and/or accounting skills.

Section 6. The Príomh-Eagarthóir shall: be the Editor-in-Chief of all IMBAS publications; oversee their publication and distribution; determine editorial policies; appoint and terminate editorial staff; and take whatever actions are deemed necessary and proper to insure that the quality of IMBAS publications is ever increasing.

Section 7. Officers shall receive no compensation, except for reasonable expenses related to their duties.

Section 8. Comhairle IMBAS may institute other categories of Officership, including combinations of categories, and shall define their characteristics as needed.

ARTICLE IX
Cosantóir

Section 1. The Cosantóir (Members' Advocate) shall: represent individual members of IMBAS at large, with special attention to the needs of minority factions not otherwise represented; function as an ombudsperson; represent members in any appeals; and be a non-voting member of every committee organized by Comhairle IMBAS.

Section 2. The Cosantóir shall be elected on an annual basis by the membership, as described elsewhere in this Bunreacht. No person may serve as Cosantóir more than three terms.

Section 3. The Cosantóir cannot hold any other official position within IMBAS.

Section 4. The Cosantóir shall receive no compensation, except for reasonable expenses related to hir duties.

ARTICLE X
Elections of Comhairleoirí

Section 1. The Uachtarán shall issue a call for nominations on every third Lá Bealtaine, those nominations to be received within 45 days. Self-nominations shall be allowed.

Section 2. After verification of the membership status of all nominators and nominees by the Rúnaí, the names of the candidates shall be published, along with brief statements by the candidates (if provided), in an IMBAS newsletter.

Section 3. Brief rebuttals (if desired), as well as ballots, shall be mailed to all members by Lá Fhéile Lúnasa. The voting period shall end 30 days from Lá Fhéile Lúnasa. Returned ballots must be postmarked no later than September 1st.

Section 4. After verification of the membership status of all voters by the Rúnaí, the votes shall be tallied.

Section 5. The seven nominees receiving the highest number of votes shall constitute Comhairle IMBAS and shall assume their duties at Oíche Shamhna.

Section 6. If for any reason a vacancy on Comhairle IMBAS should occur, the person who came out eighth in the previous vote shall fill the vacancy. If that person is unable to do so, the person who came out ninth shall fill the vacancy, etc. If there are no more eligible persons, a special election shall be called.

Section 7. Any member of IMBAS may run for election as a Comhairleoir. All candidates must have passed their 18th birthdays and fulfill the requirements for office listed elsewhere in this Bunreacht.

Section 8. The first election by the membership of Comhairleoirí shall occur in the year 1997 CE.

ARTICLE XI
Elections of Uachtarán and Leas-Uachtarán

Section 1. The Uachtarán shall issue a call for nominations on every third Lá Bealtaine, those nominations to be received within 45 days. Self-nominations shall be allowed.

Section 2. After verification of the membership status of all nominators and nominees by the Rúnaí, the names of the candidates shall be published, along with brief statements by the candidates (if provided), in an IMBAS newsletter.

Section 3. Brief rebuttals (if desired), as well as ballots, shall be mailed to all members by Lá Fhéile Lúnasa. The voting period shall end 30 days from Lá Fhéile Lúnasa. Returned ballots must be postmarked no later than September 1st.

Section 4. After verification of the membership status of all voters by the Rúnaí, the votes shall be tallied.

Section 5. If for any reason a vacancy in the offices of Uachtarán and Leas-Uachtarán should occur, a special election shall be called.

Section 6. Any member of IMBAS may run for election as Uachtarán or Leas-Uachtarán. All candidates must have passed their 18th birthdays and fulfill the requirements for office listed elsewhere in this Bunreacht.

Section 7. The first election by the membership of a Uachtarán and a Leas-Uachtarán shall occur in the year 2000 CE.

ARTICLE XII
Elections of Cosantóir

Section 1. The Uachtarán shall issue a call for nominations on every Lá Bealtaine, those nominations to be received within 45 days. Self-nominations shall be allowed.

Section 2. After verification of the membership status of all nominators and nominees by the Rúnaí, the names of the candidates shall be published, along with brief statements by the candidates (if provided), in an IMBAS newsletter.

Section 3. Brief rebuttals (if desired), as well as ballots, shall be mailed to all members by Lá Fhéile Lúnasa. The voting period shall end 30 days from Lá Fhéile Lúnasa. Returned ballots must be postmarked no later than September 1st.

Section 4. After verification of the membership status of all voters by the Rúnaí, the votes shall be tallied.

Section 5. If for any reason a vacancy in the office of Cosantóir should occur, a new Cosantóir shall be elected to fulfill hir term by a mail election, unless there are less than three months remaining in her/his term, with a simple majority vote of those responding being sufficient for election.

Section 6. Any member of IMBAS may run for election as Cosantóir. All candidates must have passed their 18th birthdays and fulfill the requirements for office listed elsewhere in this Bunreacht.

Section 7. The first election by the membership of a Cosantóir shall occur in the year 1997 CE.

ARTICLE XIII
Comhairle Breithiúna

Section 1. In addition to Comhairle IMBAS, there will be a Comhairle Breithiúna (Brehon Council) comprised of no more than nine members and no less than three members, contingent upon the number of acting Breithiúna within IMBAS.

Section 2. Comhairle Breithiúna shall act as a special body of Breithiúna. Their specific duties, which shall apply only to them, shall be: to act as witnesses to the proceedings of Comhairle IMBAS, to arbitrate, to insure that all acts and legislation are sufficiently concise and specific, to act as a council for final appeals, and be a source of advice on the structures, laws, values and customs of the tribal Celts.

Section 3. Breithiúna acting in this capacity for these specific duties, under these special auspices of this Bunreacht, shall have the authority to interpret the law, by literal interpretation considering the letter of the law and the intent of the law as designed by those who created the law. They must agree by a 2/3 majority in all cases requiring interpretation. They shall also have the authority, as do all Breithiúna whether one or a host of their number, to stop any act or the passage of any law by Comhairle IMBAS, or any body within IMBAS, if such act, law or amendment is contrary to existing law, this by the literal recitation of the current laws of IMBAS or the Triads of our Celtic Peoples.

Section 4. Members of Comhairle Breithiúna shall be elected by the membership of Cuallacht Breithiúna from their own ranks.

Section 4. Members of Comhairle Breithiúna shall receive no compensation, except for reasonable expenses related to their duties.

ARTICLE XIV
Cuallacht Breithiúna

Section 1. IMBAS authorizes and commissions a Cuallacht for the Breithiúna which shall be theirs alone though acting within IMBAS. The purpose of that Cuallacht shall be to accept candidates of known and impeccable character and honor; instruct them in the laws of IMBAS, some body of Triads whether Irish, Welsh or some other accepted body; as well as the Brehon Law.

Section 2. The first three Breithiúna shall be appointed by Comhairle IMBAS and charged with the construction of a selection process, education process, and process of investiture within one year after the incorporation of IMBAS, so as to allow other fully functional Breithiúna to come into the service of the law two years after the incorporation of IMBAS.

Section 3. Cuallacht Breithiúna and all Breithiúna within it shall be answerable to the Truth of the law only, both its letter and the intent of those who enacted said laws.

Section 4. Should an issue arise between Comhairle IMBAS, or any organized body of the membership of IMBAS, and the Cuallacht of Breithiúna, any special body of Breithiúna, or any Breitheamh in particular, then they by a 2/3 majority, having ascertained that the Breithiúna in question did in fact act out of accordance with the laws of IMBAS, or in some way which has broken the laws of IMBAS or the tradition of the Breithiúna, shall present to the Cuallacht of Breithiúna a petition enumerating the offense(s) and the evidences which prove the fact of the offenses.

Section 5. If a Breitheamh, or some body of Breithiúna, shall in fact be guilty of reciting the law in error; or if a part of some Constitutionally authorized Special Body of Breithiúna, of interpreting the law in such a way as to not be consistent with the Letter of the law or the Intent of the law for some reason which shall bring dishonor to IMBAS or gain to themselves or anyone with whom they are in collusion, then they shall have lost their honor already, and they shall be stripped of their ranks, titles and privileges within IMBAS and the Cuallacht of Breithiúna automatically as a result of such an act. Such evidence must be real and established by physical items, testimony of witnesses of impeccable character, as well as be consistent with other known facts. Only by breaching Honor, Duty, and Truth can a Breitheamh be removed.

Section 6. Except for those of the Brehon Laws which are reinstituted by Comhairle IMBAS, whose responsibility it is to perform all legislation, the Brehon Laws shall act solely as precedents to draw from that we may gain a better understanding of the intents of our Ancestors, as we go about reconstructing their traditional religious practices.

Section 7. No member of Cuallacht Breithiúna can be a member of Comhairle IMBAS nor hold any other official position within IMBAS.

ARTICLE XV
Tuatha

Section 1. Comhairle IMBAS shall act upon all requests for the chartering of local congregations, to be known as a "Tuath", and shall issue appropriate regulations as needed for their proper functioning.

Section 2. All Tuatha shall use the naming convention of "________ Tuath, IMBAS" or "Tuath of ________, IMBAS" or the bilingual equivalent, in all brochures, posters, announcements, public letters, etc., meant to be read by nonmembers of Tuatha.

Section 3. All Tuatha shall comply with all relevant federal, state, and local laws regarding the operation of branch congregations of larger religious organizations; unless specifically directed by Comhairle IMBAS to test a law in the courts. As a branch congregation, a Tuath shall share the tax exempt status of the parent corporation.

Section 4. All Tuatha of IMBAS are entitled to the maximum amount of autonomy consistent with the survival, identity, and well being of IMBAS as a whole.

Section 5. Every Tuath is expected to provide open worship services on a regular basis including all Holy Days.

Section 6. A Tuath as a whole is primarily expected to hold open and inclusionary activities. Special Interest Groups (SIGs) may be formed for private study among the membership of a Tuath. SIGs operating under the authority of a Tuath may not study topics inconsistent with the mission and guiding principles of IMBAS as delineated in the Bunreacht. Any Tuath which knowingly allows such SIGs to operate is in violation of the mandates for a Tuath and is subject to appropriate disciplinary action by Comhairle IMBAS. All things done by the SIG, in the name of IMBAS, or by the authority of IMBAS, as a SIG of a Tuath chartered by IMBAS, shall come under the authority of the IMBAS by appropriate articles of this Bunreacht, and shall be done so as to further the mission of the IMBAS.

Section 7. The activities of Tuatha are for the most part determined by the members themselves. Tuatha are obligated to publicly celebrate the Holy Days and hold regular discussions about Celtic Reconstructionist Paganism for members and prospective members alike.

Section 8. Tuath members shall elect all Officers necessary and shall determine their own dues structures. Tuatha Officers must have passed their 18th birthday.

Section 9. Members of Tuatha must also maintain Individual or Family memberships within IMBAS.

Section 10. Cisteoirí in Tuatha shall make quarterly financial reports to the IMBAS Cisteoir, accounting for all income and expenses, and shall make these reports available to Tuath members in a similar fashion.

Section 11. Tuatha shall pay an annual charter fee to be determined by An IMBAS Comhairle.

Section 12. Comhairle IMBAS shall have the power to suspend or revoke the charter of a Tuath for good and sufficient cause.

Section 13. A suspended or revoked Tuath may appeal to Comhairle Breithiúna with the Cosantóir acting as their representative. The decision of Comhairle Breithiúna shall be final.

ARTICLE XVI
Cuallachtaí

Section 1. Comhairle IMBAS shall act upon all requests for the chartering of guilds formed by members with a common interest in a particular art, science, craft, skill, or hobby, to be known as a "Cuallacht", and shall issue appropriate regulations as needed for their proper functioning.

Section 2. All Cuallachtaí shall use the naming convention of "________ Cuallacht, IMBAS" or "Cuallacht of ________, IMBAS" or the bilingual equivalent, in all brochures, posters, announcements, public letters, etc., meant to be read by nonmembers of Cuallachtaí.

Section 3. All Cuallachtaí of IMBAS are entitled to the maximum amount of autonomy consistent with the survival, identity, and well being of IMBAS as a whole.

Section 4. The activities of Cuallachtaí are for the most part determined by the members themselves.

Section 5. Cuallacht members shall elect all Officers necessary and shall determine their own dues structures. Cuallachtaí Officers must have passed their 18th birthday.

Section 6. Members of Cuallachtaí must also maintain Individual, Family, or Associate memberships within IMBAS.

Section 7. Cisteoirí in Cuallachtaí shall make quarterly financial reports to the IMBAS Cisteoir, accounting for all income and expenses, and shall make these reports available to Cuallacht members in a similar fashion.

Section 8. Cuallachtaí shall pay an annual charter fee to be determined by Comhairle IMBAS.

Section 9. Comhairle IMBAS shall have the power to suspend or revoke the charter of a Cuallacht for good and sufficient cause.

Section 10. A suspended or revoked Cuallacht may appeal to Comhairle Breithiúna with the Cosantóir acting as their representative. The decision of Comhairle Breithiúna shall be final.

ARTICLE XVII
The Annual Meeting

Section 1. A meeting of the membership of IMBAS, to be known as a "Dáil", shall be held annually, the time of which shall be decided by the membership at the previous annual meeting.

Section 2. There shall be mailed to each member at hir last known address, by first class mail or overseas airmail, at least six weeks prior to the annual meeting, a notice setting out the time and place of the annual meeting, and including a combined proxy statement and ballot to be signed by those members so desiring. Said notice and proxy/ballot may be incorporated into an IMBAS newsletter published at the appropriate time, which must be mailed out by first class mail or overseas air.

Section 3. In case a quorum, defined as two-thirds of the total membership vote, is not present in body or proxy at the Dáil, those present may adjourn to such a day and time as a majority shall agree upon. If said day and time is within the current Dáil, verbal notice to those members present at the Dáil shall suffice, and the necessary quorum shall drop to ten percent of the total membership vote. Otherwise, notice of such adjournment shall be mailed to each voting member of IMBAS at least 21 days before said date.

Section 4. Alternately, if a quorum is not present at the annual meeting, those present may decide by majority vote to hold the annual meeting without binding votes upon any subject.

ARTICLE XVIII
Special Meetings & Referenda

Section 1. A special meeting or a referendum of the members may be called by the request of a majority of Comhairle IMBAS, or by a petition representing one-third of the membership votes. Such a special meeting shall be held sixty to ninety days after the request or petition is received, at a location to be selected by Comhairle IMBAS. Notice of such a special meeting, stating its particular purpose, shall be mailed to the members as with the annual meeting, including the provision of proxy statements.

Section 2. Comhairle IMBAS may decide to hold a referendum through the mails at any time, and such referendum may be instead of a special meeting, should the topics under consideration lend themselves to such treatment. Ballots for a referendum shall be mailed out with in an IMBAS newsletter, which shall include brief arguments presenting all sides of the topics involved. Voting shall be considered to be closed sixty days after the issue has been mailed.

ARTICLE XIX
Other Standing Committees

Section 1. Comhairle IMBAS may at their discretion create other Committees, both standing and ad hoc, and staff them with such members as may be willing and appropriate.

Section 2. Every standing Committee shall be headed by a Comhairleoir or an Officer with related duties.

ARTICLE XX
Suspension, Expulsion and Resignation

Section 1. Comhairle IMBAS may, by a two-thirds vote, suspend or expel any member confessing to or found guilty of committing felony crimes-with-victims, as defined by civil law and current criminological opinion, or for proven and documented disruptive or abusive conduct which works directly against the aims, activities or welfare of IMBAS or its members.

Section 2. Disruptive or abusive conduct does not include: the temperate expression of disagreement, such as public or private written or verbal criticism of IMBAS or its leadership; vigorous debate over matters of scholarship, art, spirituality, or politics; the circulation of petitions to Comhairle IMBAS; the organizing of other members into voting blocks; nor mere rudeness, thoughtlessness, or lack of social skills.

Section 3. Disruptive or abusive conduct does include: the spreading of slander or libel against IMBAS, its leadership, or its members; communication or behavior that violates Article V, Section 2 of this Bunreacht; or active efforts to persuade members to quit or to dissuade nonmembers from joining.

Section 4. Members may resign from membership at any time for personal reasons, and will then be eligible to rejoin IMBAS at a later date. Any member whose membership dues lapse for a period of three months or more shall be deemed to have resigned. If a resigned member should decide to rejoin at a later date, hir votes shall be calculated from that later date.

Section 5. Suspended, expelled or resigned members may not hold office or act in any way as representatives of IMBAS, and have no right to receive IMBAS publications intended only for IMBAS members, and may not continue to participate in Study Programs administered by IMBAS.

Section 6. Members who have been suspended or expelled may, at the discretion of Comhairle IMBAS, be banned permanently or temporarily from attending IMBAS activities, including public worship. Such bans shall be published immediately in IMBAS publications. They may be published elsewhere in the case of very serious crimes.

Section 7. A suspended or expelled member may appeal to Comhairle Breithiúna with the Cosantóir acting as their representative. The decision of Comhairle Breithiúna shall be final.

ARTICLE XXI
School of Celtic Cultural Studies

Section 1. IMBAS shall establish a School of Celtic Cultural Studies to teach accurate information about specific Celtic cultures, and to use such facilities to further reconstruction. This School shall be organized and maintained by IMBAS and co-sponsored by other organizations with the same or a similar purpose as IMBAS, as long as doing so does not interfere with the internal structures and policies of IMBAS or the other organizations.

Section 2. The School shall consist of at least three Departments:

a. The Department of Ancient Gaelic Studies

b. The Department of Ancient Brythonic Studies

c. The Department of Ancient Gaulish Studies.

Section 3. Material for use in the curriculum shall be provided by IMBAS and the other sponsoring organizations. IMBAS shall have the right to insist on inclusion of material proven to be of a particular culture in that culture's curriculum. IMBAS shall retain the right to refuse material on the basis of a lack historical accuracy, such review to be done by a committee chosen by Comhairle IMBAS, said committee to have a minimum of three members. The decision of the said committee to refuse any materials may be appealed to Comhairle IMBAS.

Section 4. By submitting materials to the School, all sponsoring organizations grant the School use of the materials for non-profit educational purposes.

Section 5. All sponsoring organizations shall retain the intellectual property rights to their own material, including the right to place in the public domain such educational materials free of charge.

Section 6. All sponsoring organizations shall have the right to retain educational activities and functions separate from the School.

ARTICLE XXII
Recall

Section 1. Comhairleoirí, Officers, and the Consantóir may be subject to recall by a petition signed by one-third of the membership (petition presented to Comhairle IMBAS in the case of the Consantóir or to the Consantóir in the case of Comhairleoirí or Officers). In both cases the Rúnaí shall verify the validity of all the signatures on the petition.

Section 2. Recall votes are by secret ballot and require a two-thirds vote of the membership. After verification of the membership status of all voters by the Rúnaí, the votes shall be tallied.

Section 3. Officers of Tuatha and Cuallachtaí are removed by their own membership.

Section 4. In cases of Comhairleoirí or Officers who have been inactive for a month without a previous request for a leave of absence, Comhairle Breithiúna shall investigate and remove inactive Comhairleoirí or Officers if necessary. Comhairle Breithiúna, at their discretion, may request a third party to investigate or contact absent Comhairleoirí or Officers. The decision of Comhairle Breithiúna shall be final.

ARTICLE XXIII
Open Financial Records

Section 1. All members of IMBAS are entitled to see the accounting records. The Cisteoir shall make these available at a nominal fee for reproduction and mailing. Balance sheets and other similar summary reports shall be regularly published by IMBAS.

ARTICLE XXIV
Amendment and Replacement of Bunreacht

Section 1. Amendments to this Bunreacht may be made at any annual or special meeting or referendum, as described elsewhere in this Bunreacht, by a two-thirds vote of the entire voting membership; or by a two-thirds vote of the Comhairleoirí at any regular or special meeting of Comhairle IMBAS, subject to final approval by the membership.

ARTICLE XXV
Language

Section 1. IMBAS shall generally use Old Celtic as the primary language for terminology with Modern Irish and Modern Welsh as secondary languages.

Section 2. Tuatha and Cuallachtaí shall generally be free to use terminology from any Celtic language that reflects the cultural makeup of their group, or English.

ARTICLE XXVI
Non-Profit Nature of the Corporation

Section 1. No part of the net earnings of the Corporation shall inure to the benefit of, or be distributable to, its members, Comhairleoirí, Officers, or other private persons, except that the Corporation shall be authorized and empowered to pay reasonable compensation for services rendered and to make payments and distributions in furtherance of the purposes set forth in Article II of this Bunreacht.

Section 2. No substantial part of the activities of the Corporation shall be the carrying on of propaganda, or otherwise attempting, to influence legislation, and the Corporation shall not participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing or distribution of statements) any political campaign on behalf of any candidate for public office.

Section 3. Notwithstanding any other provisions of the Articles of Incorporation or this Bunreacht, this Corporation shall not, except to an insubstantial degree, engage in any activities or exercise any powers that are not in furtherance of the purposes of this Corporation.

Section 4. Upon the dissolution of this Corporation, Comhairle IMBAS shall, after paying or making provision for the payment of all the liabilities of the Corporation, dispose of all the assets of the Corporation exclusively for the purposes of the Corporation in such manner, or to such organization or organizations organized and operated exclusively for Celtic Reconstructionist religious, educational or charitable purposes as shall at that time qualify as an exempt organization or organizations under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 as revised (or the corresponding provision of any future United States Internal Revenue Law), as Comhairle IMBAS shall determine.


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